**ATMS 411 Homework [HW1, HW2, HW3, HW4] [main page] [2010 HW]**

Homework style example.

Homework style example with a graph.

Homework 8Read problem 6.8 first, page 263. Read chapter 6. Do problem 6.8 parts a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, q, s, t, u. It has many parts, so start early. This presentation lists the problems. Here are the problems.

Homework 7

ALL ATMS 411 and ATMS 611 STUDENTSProblems 4.19, 4.21, 4.29, 4.56, and

4.41 with the additional question "What is the total transmission coefficient for the cloud including multiple scattering and what fraction of the total is diffuse radiation?" The asymmetry parameter, g, for cloud droplets is mentioned in the chapter. Assume the cloud droplets do not absorb solar radiation, and that the 1-D model given in the presentation for this chapter is applicable (sun overhead). Homework 7 problems are here.On problem 4.19 it may be helpful to use the online calculator for solar angle and sun earth distance. Note, we are calculating the present day values of solar irradiance in summer and winter (the information on ice age is to highlight the importance of thinking about orbital mechanics between the sun and Earth in your climate thinking).

ATMS 611 STUDENTS ALSO DO ...[EXTRA CREDIT FOR ATMS 411 STUDENTS]

PROBLEM 4.55and answer the question, what is a weighting function in the context of passive IR remote sensing, and how is it used? Hint: A useful reference for this problem is the book by Grant Petty, A First Course in Atmsopheric Radiation, chapter 8, the entire chapter.

Homework 6READ problem 4.11 first, page 145. Read chapter 4. Do problem 4.11. It has many parts, so start early. This presentation lists the problems.

Homework 5(Group mini projects)Each group will present their homework. You only need to do the work with your group, not the entire set

Work in a way that each group member presents part of the problem.

It's best to use powerpoint for these problems.

Evaluation will be based on completeness, participation by each group member, and originality/creativity/thoughtfulness.

Group 1. REVISION: The role of each member is given below.

Obtain data from the DRI , UNR, and Slide Mountain weather stations (see below). Calculate the average virtual temperature for the layer between these stations using the hypsometric equation. Then calculate the virtual temperature at each of these stations, take the average value, and compare with the value you get from the hypsometric equation. Interpret. Make a graph of the average virtual temperature versus time for both of these methods. Also, make a scatter plot of the average virtual temperature from both methods, and compare using a linear regression model. Do so for July 2015. Obtain the elevation of each station from the site descriptions given below for use with the hypsometric equation. [THIS GROUP LINKS TO GROUP 6 AS WELL].NOTE: The UNR site does not have data from 7/4/2015 at 9:20 through 7/7/2015 at 1:00. Remove these data from the DRI and Slide Mountain sites as well. You should have exactly the same number of points for each site so that time alignment is perfect.

Valerie: Calculates and compares average virtual temperature with hypsometric equation results for the UNR and DRI weather stations (preliminary results completed already). Give calculated results (graphs) to Jessica, and present during presentation.

Dillon: Calculates and compares average virtual temperature with hypsometric equation results for the UNR and Slide Mountain weather stations. Give calculated results (graphs) to Jessica, and present during presentation.

Devin: Calculates and compares average virtual temperature with hypsometric equation results for the DRI and Slide Mountain weather stations. Give calculated results (graphs) to Jessica, and present during presentation.

Jessica: Assembles the powerpoint presentation. Discusses virtual temperature and how it's obtained from both methods. Determine which pressure sensor is likely incorrect.Group 2. Each person pick a morning and afternoon sounding from your favorite place/time in the world.

Thoroughly interpret your soundings. Learn about and interpret as many sounding indices as you can.Group 3. Carefully define the sounding indices CAPE, CIN, and precipitable water.

Show how these are calculated (equations involved).

Find some exciting soundings with large CAPE, and interpret.

Do the calculation for these soundings for CAPE, CIN, and precipitable water to check the reported values. Presentation.Group 4. Find a December in Reno where there were strong temperature inversions in the mornings as noted on the NWS balloon soundings. Define and display temperature inversions, and why they are so stable. Calculate the actual lapse rate from the data in the soundings; calculate the same from the UNR and DRI weather stations, compare as a time series your results by both methods. Presentation.

Group 5. Define the mixed layer depth. Compare and contrast the mixed layer depth from the afternoon soundings

in Mexico City, Reno, and a place in Florida. Discuss different methods used to obtain mixed layer depth and apply as many of them as you can.Group 6. Show how to use data from the DRI and UNR weather stations (DRI sites). Calculate the average virtual temperature for the layer between these two stations using the hypsometric equation. Then calculate the virtual temperature at each of these stations, take the average value, and compare with the value you get from the hypsometric equation. Interpret. Make a graph of the average virtual temperature versus time for both of these methods. Also, make a scatter plot of the average virtual temperature from both methods, and compare using a linear regression model. Do so for a December month where we actually had winter (not last winter for sure). Presentation.

All of the Western Regional Climate Center Weather Sitesclick here LOCAL WEATHER STATION DATA MANAGED BY THE WESTERN REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER AT DRI PASSWORD IS wrcc14SITE DESCRIPTIONCurrent Data Graphs to see what's going onUNR Weather Station on Valley Road click here

Accurate Coordinates:

39.53918 N, 119.80476 Wclick here DRI Weather Station click here click here Slide Mountain Weather Station click here click here

**Homework 4** **To do in class: attendance mandatory, in class homework.**

**To do in class: attendance mandatory, in class homework.**

Grades on webcampus for this assignment will change as you finish problems.

**0. This problem was given in class. See the first board (click on it for larger version).**

The second board describes how to work with the equivalent potential temperature.

**1. Winter time dryness inside when it's cold outside.**

Let T_{outside}=T_{dew}=-10 C, and T_{inside}=25 C.

a.
Find the mixing ratio. (dashed line through T_{dew})

b.
Find the relative humidity inside. RH=100 * mixing ratio / saturation mixing ratio at inside temperature.

**2. Measure the temperature and wet bulb temperature (Twb) in the classroom.**

Find:

a.
Lifting condensation level.

b. Tdew.

c. Theta. (dry adiabat through T to 1000 mb, and read temperature).

d. ThetaE
(moist adiabat through LCL to TOA and back to 1000 mb along dry adiabat, read temperature).

click image for larger image.

**3. Chinook winds, ascend Sierras from the west; precipitation; descend eastern side; find temperature.**

**SHOW THE TRAJECTORY ON THE PAPER VERSION OF THE SKEW T AVAILABLE IN CLASS. (This is what you'll turn in.)
FIRST WORK IT OUT USING THE LAMINATED SHEETS. **

Taken from example 3.10.

Start at 950 mb, 14 C, 8 g/kg.

Ascend to 700 hPA. Let 70% of precip fall out, 30% remain with air parcel.

Descend to 950 mb and find the temperature and wet bulb potential temperature; compare with initial values.

Should find:

Initially wsat(T)=10.6 g/kg; Show that LCL=890 mb; ThetaW=14 C. Continue to 700 mb and should find Wsat=4.7 g/kg.

Amount of condensed water at 700 mb = 8 g/kg - 4.7 g/kg = 3.3 g/kg.

30% of 3.3 g/kg = 1 g/kg.

Parcel descends on moist adiabat until reaching a mixing ratio of 5.7
g/kg (at 760 mb), and then dry adiabat to 950 mb.

Final temperature is 20 C, mixing ratio is 5.7 g/kg.

Final wet bulb potential temperature is 14 C.

Note: 'Chinook wind' in this example results in T = 20 C, 6 C warmer than the beginning temperature,

with the extra heat due to the latent heat release during ascent, and that most of the condensation falls out.

**Homework 3**. **Having read**** chapter 3**:

Problems page 1, page 2.

1. Do problem 3.20.

2. Read problem 3.21 carefully. Do problem 3.23

3. Do problem 3.38 .

4. Read problem 3.30 carefully. Do problem 3.31.

5. Do problem 3.35.

6. Read problem 3.36 carefully. Do problem 3.39.

Group 1 will present problem 1; group 2, problem 2; and so forth.

Everyone will turn in all problems.

**Homework 2**. ** Read chapter 3**. Do problems 3.18, 3.19, and 3.26

**GROUPS:**

Group 1: Jessica

Group 2: Jason

Group 3: Deep

Group 4: Sebastian

Group 5: Zoey

Group 6: Sam

Group 1 presents 3.18 a, b, c, d

Group 2 presents 3.18 e, f, g, h

Group 3 presents 3.18 i, j, k, l

Group 4 presents 3.18
m, n, o, p

Group 5 presents 3.18 q, r, s, t

Group 6 presents 3.18 u, v, w, problem 3.19

**Homework 1**. Read chapter 1. Do problems 1.6, 1.7, 1.11, 1.12, 1.13